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Normal Development: 5 Years Old

Physical Development

  • Begins to lose primary (baby) teeth.
  • Displays left- or right-handedness.
  • Builds elaborate structures.
  • Tires easily.
  • Bathes, eats, dresses, toilets without help.
  • Begins to participate in semistructured games.
  • Enjoys active games and movement.
  • Enjoys playing noisy rhythm instruments.
  • Is curious about reproduction and birth.

Emotional Development

  • Starts to express more feelings in words.
  • Embarrasses easily, and cannot yet laugh at self.
  • May have feelings about death.
  • Shows guilt over misbehavior.
  • Likes independence.
  • Is serious and dependable.

Social Development

  • Follows more rules and regulations.
  • May tattle, name-call, hit and shove at times.
  • Cooperates in simple group tasks.
  • Likes to please adults.
  • Takes turns during playing and speaking.
  • Gets along with other children.
  • Is keenly interested in family activities.

Mental Development

  • Starts to recognize letters and words.
  • Keeps up activities over longer periods of time.
  • Has developed a self-image.
  • Craves facts.
  • Names simple colors.
  • Understands left from right.
  • Has a vocabulary of about 2,000 to 2,500 words.
  • Can help with chores.
  • Can learn address and phone number.
  • Can think some things through.
  • Can count to 10.
  • Starts to understand concept of opposites.
  • Can speak in sentences of 6 to 8 words.
  • Can tell coins apart.
  • Engages in elaborate dramatic play.
  • Understands concepts of morning, afternoon, night, yesterday, today, and tomorrow.
  • Is better able to tell make-believe from real life.

These guidelines show general progress through the developmental stages rather than fixed requirements for normal development at specific ages. It is perfectly natural for a child to reach some milestones earlier and other milestones later than the general trend.

If you have any concerns about your child's own pattern of development, check with your healthcare provider.